All Nikon D7000 settings related to the creation of JPG and RAW files explained. They control what can happen to the image data on its way from the sensor to a finished JPG and/or RAW file.
What | RAW and/or JPEG? You have the choice. For JPG files, the D7000 expects additional information about how many megapixels the image file should have and how strong the compression should be.
Where & How | The QUAL button on the back is responsible for these settings:
Use it with the rear dial to set the file format and JPG compression:
The/ / levels represent different compression; gives the largest files, and the smallest.
Together with the front dial, you set the image size for JPG files:
L for approx. 16 megapixels (4,928×3,264 pixels)
M for approx. 9 megapixels (3.696×.448 pixels)
S for approx. 4 megapixels (2,464×1,632 pixels)
Clever JPG compression | Images rich in fine details suffer more easily from quality losses of the JPG compression and the JPG compression does not work as effectively with them. The shooting menu JPEG Compression has a choice how to handle this:
This is the better choice, unfortunately not preset by Nikon.
RAW format for single shots | In the custom settings menu or there is a menu item . If you select this entry, you can get the D7000 to save the next image in RAW format by pressing the Fn resp. preview button.
Nikon summarises these parameters for the development of RAW data into JPG under the title Picture Control.
You have three options for adjusting the image processing to your taste:
Select an existing Picture Control configuration | In the shooting menu
Change existing Picture Control configuration | When selecting one of the configurations, you can press the arrow key to the right and adjust the individual parameters behind it. The configuration then gets an asterisk * attached to its name.
These changes are lost again when you perform a camera reset.
Create your own Picture Control configuration | You can create your own configurations using the next menu item . After selecting , you can access and change an existing configuration as before, but save it permanently under its own name at the end.
This is the best way to use your own configurations permanently.
Recommendation | Use this menu if you want to permanently apply a specific custom fine-tuning to your JPG images. That is, if you keep noticing that the images have e.g. a bit too little saturation or could do with a little more sharpening.
It is too complicated and impractical to play around in this menu all the time; also it is difficult to judge the effects on the small camera monitor.
You can select the white balance with the WB button and the dials:
A manual white balance on a grey or white reference surface is done as follows:
A second option is the shooting menu , with does the same as before plus allowing some finer tweaks:
The difference is only noticeable with incandescent light,will then produce more neutral and more yellowish colours. corresponds to the white balance of earlier camera models, which does not work so well with incandescent light.
Pressing the direction button to the right takes you from a menu item to a graphical adjustment aid that is easy to operate with the direction buttons.
Active D-Lighting (ADL) is a brightening of shadows, one of the most common post-processing tasks. Not quite as pronounced, it also helps reduce overexposure by making the D7000 expose a little shorter and brightening the image afterwards. ADL uses the RAW data from the image sensor on its way into a JPG file, giving it an advantage over later editing of the JPG file.
It is switched off in Nikon's default settings.
If you assign Active D-Lighting to the Fn or preview button in the custom settings menu resp. , you can adjust ADL more quickly with your favourite button and the rear command dial.
I like to have ADL set to
When you turn this feature on, the D7000 applies additional image processing for noise reduction when shooting with more than 1 s exposure time.
More noise reduction means a smoother, cleaner image, but surface textures and details are washed out.
I always leave it turned off. The noise of the D7000 is already quite low and if necessary it can be done just as well afterwards in image processing − at least in RAW files.
Here you can set whether the D7000 applies additional noise reduction at higher ISO sensitivities. I leave the default value .
If you select
Distortion means that a lens produces a slightly curved image of straight lines. How much depends on the lens and, in the case of zoom lenses, also on the focal length.
Auto distortion correction reduces this aberration. It does not work with all lenses; according to Nikon, only those with a G or D in their type designation.
In Nikon's default settings it is switched off.
If exactly straight lines are important to you, this function brings a small, but fine and important improvement. On the other hand, it crops the image slightly at the edges, so take a slightly larger picture.
However I never use the function, in the meantime good image editing programmes like DxO PhotoLab or Adobe Lightroom automatically recognise camera and lens and correct distortion exactly and automatically. The built-in distortion correction of the D7000 is quite good, but not completely accurate.
The shooting menu allows you to capture images in AdobeRGB instead of the default sRGB. Change it only if you know what you are doing and are sure to edit and view your images with correct colour profiles.
The shooting menu lets you change two details for the RAW file format:
I just leave this menu as it is; the higher colour depth and lossless compression are preset and are welcome to remain so for the best possible quality.
Create or select folders for saving new images | This can be done in the shooting menu . To create a new folder on the memory card, however, you can only enter a three-digit number, the other five characters D7000 are fixed.
If a folder icon appears next to a number when you enter it, there is already one with this number.
Changing file names | In Nikon's default settings, file names start with DSC, you can replace these first three letters with your own abbreviation in the shooting menu of the same name.The rest of the file name is always the same:
Reset the four-digit number in the file name | This is controlled in the custom settings menu .
Handling two memory cards | In case you have two memory cards in your D7000, the shooting menu tells the D7000 what to write to it:
What | With Nikon's default settings, the D7000 stores in every JPG and RAW file whether you have held the camera horizontally or vertically. If you don't want this for whatever reason, you can suppress it.
Display programs can read the information about the image orientation to automatically show photos in portrait or landscape format as taken.
Where | In the system menu
Copyright information | Text entered in this system menu is stored by the D7000 in so-called metadata. This means it is invisible, but software that read this data can display it.
If you want to use it, don't forget to close the menu by selecting
Image comment | The same function is available for any other text comment that the D7000 saves with each image. Also in the system menu.